Andorra is a landlocked nation located at an elevation in the eastern valleys of the Pyrenees Mountains. The nation borders Spain on its south and France on its north. Andorra has more proximity with Catalan culture as the nation borders the Catalan region of Spain.
Read 5 important facts about this European nation:
1. Not a Republic but a co-principality:
Andorra is a principality. The French President and the Catholic Bishop of Urgell (Catalonia, Spain) are the co-princes. They act as the heads of the state/monarchs of the country. They discharge their duties with the help of personal representatives appointed to the Office of Representatives to the Principality of Andorra. Head of the government is the Prime Minister who is an elected member of the Parliament. He/she is responsible for the administration of the state.
2. Capital is the highest in the Europe:
Andorra’s capital Andorra la Vella is located at an elevation (1023 metres) in the east of the Pyrenees mountains. The capital is linear in area with a narrow width. Andorra la Vella is also considered as the highest situated capital in the European continent.
3. Economy entirely based on tourism:
The capital is famous for ski based tourism in the picturesque mountain resorts. The economy entirely depends on tourists thronging the nation each year. Their presence has boosted the GDP growth annually in this resource scarce nation. Andorra is also famous as a tax haven. The banking sector in Andorra gained strength from its tax haven status.
4. No standing army:
Andorra only maintains a small ceremonial army and not an army to defend the territory. The responsibility for the protection of the principality primarily lies with the co-princes and their respective nations viz. France and Spain. As the monarchs are the supreme commanders, defence is their responsibility.
5. FC Andorra:
Catalonia has a famous football club named FC Barcelona. As per the local news reports, Barcelona football legend Lionel Messi and former Barcelona Midfielder Cesc Fabregas have bought shares in Gerard Pique owned FC Andorra, an Andorra la Vella based Spanish fourth division football Club.
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