El Salvador is a country in Central America
January 15, 2019 · 4 min read •
El Salvador is a small Central American nation. The country is bordered by the Pacific Ocean in the west, Honduras in the east, Guatemala in the north and the Gulf of Fonseca in the south. The capital city is San Salvador. With a population of 1.7 million, San Salvador is the most populous city in the country.
5 El Salvador important facts:
Mestizo is an ethnic group with Spanish and Native American descent. Due to the effects of Spanish colonisation, the Mestizo population is mainly found in Latin America. Eighty-Six percent of El Salvadorians are Mestizos. Mestizo culture is the most prominent one in the country.
High homicide rate
El Salvador has a strong gang culture. This has resulted in high crime rate. A report from the law and order authorities estimate a homicide rate of 50.3 per 1,00,000 in 2018. This is one of the highest murder rate in the world. It even exceeds the figures of Mexico. Rivalry among different gangs operating in El Salvador is the major reason behind the inflated murder rate.
El Salvador is a disaster prone region. The country is frequented by devastating earthquakes and hurricanes. As the country lies exactly on the convergence zone of both the Cocos Plate and the Caribbean Plate, there is an increased risk from frequent earthquakes. Low pressure system in the Pacific Ocean and the tropical depression are the reasons behind storms. These storms often lead to destructive floods.
Immigration and emigration
Due to limited opportunities in the country, Salvadorans migrate to highly developed neighborhood especially to the U.S. They seek better opportunities in foreign land. El Salvador’s economy is heavily dependent on private remittances. Due to income inflow, younger Salvadoran population is educated well. As a result, they are on an active scout for employment in the formal sector. To fill the resultant gap in the informal sector, job seekers from the neighbouring Honduras and Nicaragua are migrating to El Salvador.
Democracy with presidential republic
El Salvador is a democratic nation. The nation is a republic. The government is headed by an elected President. Other aspects of El Salvadorian Polity are
1. Multi-Party System.
2. Constitutional Polity.
3. Unitary form of government.
image courtesy: Pixabay
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